Two Pif1 Family DNA Helicases Cooperate in Centromere Replication and Segregation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

TitleTwo Pif1 Family DNA Helicases Cooperate in Centromere Replication and Segregation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsChen, C-F, Pohl, TJ, Pott, S, Zakian, VA
JournalGenetics
Volume211
Issue1
Pagination105-119
Date Published2019 01
ISSN1943-2631
Abstract

Pif1 family helicases are found in virtually all eukaryotes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc) encodes two Pif1 family helicases, ScPif1 and Rrm3 ScPif1 is multifunctional, required not only for maintenance of mitochondrial DNA but also for multiple distinct nuclear functions. Rrm3 moves with the replication fork and promotes movement of the fork through ∼1400 hard-to-replicate sites, including centromeres. Here we show that ScPif1, like Rrm3, bound robustly to yeast centromeres but only if the centromere was active. While Rrm3 binding to centromeres occurred in early to mid S phase, about the same time as centromere replication, ScPif1 binding occurred later in the cell cycle when replication of most centromeres is complete. However, the timing of Rrm3 and ScPif1 centromere binding was altered by the absence of the other helicase, such that Rrm3 centromere binding occurred later in pif1-m2 cells and ScPif1 centromere binding occurred earlier in rrm3Δ cells. As shown previously, the modest pausing of replication forks at centromeres seen in wild-type cells was increased in the absence of Rrm3 While a lack of ScPif1 did not result in increased fork pausing at centromeres, pausing was even higher in rrm3Δ pif1Δ cells than in rrm3Δ cells. Likewise, centromere function as monitored by the loss rate of a centromere plasmid was increased in rrm3Δ but not pif1Δ cells, and was even higher in rrm3Δ pif1Δ cells than in rrm3Δ cells. Thus, ScPif1 promotes centromere replication and segregation, but only in the absence of Rrm3 These data also hint at a potential post-S phase function for ScPif1 at centromeres. These studies add to the growing list of ScPif1 functions that promote chromosome stability.

DOI10.1534/genetics.118.301710
Alternate JournalGenetics
PubMed ID30442759
PubMed Central IDPMC6325707
Grant ListR35 GM118279 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States