Structural mechanism of demethylation and inactivation of protein phosphatase 2A.

TitleStructural mechanism of demethylation and inactivation of protein phosphatase 2A.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsXing, Y, Li, Z, Chen, Y, Stock, JB, Jeffrey, PD, Shi, Y
JournalCell
Volume133
Issue1
Pagination154-63
Date Published2008 Apr 04
ISSN1097-4172
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Animals, Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases, Crystallography, X-Ray, Humans, Methylation, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Phosphatase 2, Sequence Alignment
Abstract

<p>Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is an important serine/threonine phosphatase that plays a role in many biological processes. Reversible carboxyl methylation of the PP2A catalytic subunit is an essential regulatory mechanism for its function. Demethylation and negative regulation of PP2A is mediated by a PP2A-specific methylesterase PME-1, which is conserved from yeast to humans. However, the underlying mechanism of PME-1 function remains enigmatic. Here we report the crystal structures of PME-1 by itself and in complex with a PP2A heterodimeric core enzyme. The structures reveal that PME-1 directly binds to the active site of PP2A and that this interaction results in the activation of PME-1 by rearranging the catalytic triad into an active conformation. Strikingly, these interactions also lead to inactivation of PP2A by evicting the manganese ions that are required for the phosphatase activity of PP2A. These observations identify a dual role of PME-1 that regulates PP2A activation, methylation, and holoenzyme assembly in cells.</p>

DOI10.1016/j.cell.2008.02.041
Alternate JournalCell
PubMed ID18394995
Grant ListK01 CA124856 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R01 CA123155 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States