Role of the Membrane for Mechanosensing by Tethered Channels.
Biologically important membrane channels are gated by force at attached tethers. Here, we generically characterize the nontrivial interplay of force, membrane tension, and channel deformations that can affect gating. A central finding is that minute conical channel deformation under force leads to significant energy release during opening. We also calculate channel-channel interactions and show that they can amplify the force sensitivity of tethered channels.