Quantitative flux analysis in mammals.

TitleQuantitative flux analysis in mammals.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBartman, CR, TeSlaa, T, Rabinowitz, JD
JournalNat Metab
Volume3
Issue7
Pagination896-908
Date Published2021 07
ISSN2522-5812
KeywordsAnimals, Disease Susceptibility, Energy Metabolism, Homeostasis, Humans, Mammals, Metabolic Networks and Pathways, Metabolome, Metabolomics, Organ Specificity
Abstract

<p>Altered metabolic activity contributes to the pathogenesis of a number of diseases, including diabetes, heart failure, cancer, fibrosis and neurodegeneration. These diseases, and organismal metabolism more generally, are only partially recapitulated by cell culture models. Accordingly, it is important to measure metabolism in vivo. Over the past century, researchers studying glucose homeostasis have developed strategies for the measurement of tissue-specific and whole-body metabolic activity (pathway fluxes). The power of these strategies has been augmented by recent advances in metabolomics technologies. Here, we review techniques for measuring metabolic fluxes in intact mammals and discuss how to analyse and interpret the results. In tandem, we describe important findings from these techniques, and suggest promising avenues for their future application. Given the broad importance of metabolism to health and disease, more widespread application of these methods holds the potential to accelerate biomedical progress.</p>

DOI10.1038/s42255-021-00419-2
Alternate JournalNat Metab
PubMed ID34211182
Grant ListDP1 DK113643 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK019525 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
F32 DK118856 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States