Probing and engineering liquid-phase organelles.

TitleProbing and engineering liquid-phase organelles.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsBracha, D, Walls, MT, Brangwynne, CP
JournalNat Biotechnol
Volume37
Issue12
Pagination1435-1445
Date Published2019 Dec
ISSN1546-1696
Abstract

Cells compartmentalize their intracellular environment to orchestrate countless simultaneous biochemical processes. Many intracellular tasks rely on membrane-less organelles, multicomponent condensates that assemble by liquid-liquid phase separation. A decade of intensive research has provided a basic understanding of the biomolecular driving forces underlying the form and function of such organelles. Here we review the technologies enabling these developments, along with approaches to designing spatiotemporally actuated organelles based on multivalent low-affinity interactions. With these recent advances, it is now becoming possible both to modulate the properties of native condensates and to engineer entirely new structures, with the potential for widespread biomedical and biotechnological applications.

DOI10.1038/s41587-019-0341-6
Alternate JournalNat. Biotechnol.
PubMed ID31792412