Phagosome-Bacteria Interactions from the Bottom Up.

TitlePhagosome-Bacteria Interactions from the Bottom Up.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsSivaloganathan, DM, Brynildsen, MP
JournalAnnu Rev Chem Biomol Eng
Date Published2021 Mar 29
ISSN1947-5446
Abstract

When attempting to propagate infections, bacterial pathogens encounter phagocytes that encase them in vacuoles called phagosomes. Within phagosomes, bacteria are bombarded with a plethora of stresses that often lead to their demise. However, pathogens have evolved numerous strategies to counter those host defenses and facilitate survival. Given the importance of phagosome-bacteria interactions to infection outcomes, they represent a collection of targets that are of interest for next-generation antibacterials. To facilitate such therapies, different approaches can be employed to increase understanding of phagosome-bacteria interactions, and these can be classified broadly as top down (starting from intact systems and breaking down the importance of different parts) or bottom up (developing a knowledge base on simplified systems and progressively increasing complexity). Here we review knowledge of phagosomal compositions and bacterial survival tactics useful for bottom-up approaches, which are particularly relevant for the application of reaction engineering to quantify and predict the time evolution of biochemical species in these death-dealing vacuoles. Further, we highlight how understanding in this area can be built up through the combination of immunology, microbiology, and engineering. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Volume 12 is June 2021. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

DOI10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-090920-015024
Alternate JournalAnnu Rev Chem Biomol Eng
PubMed ID33781082