Nutrient levels and trade-offs control diversity in a serial dilution ecosystem.

TitleNutrient levels and trade-offs control diversity in a serial dilution ecosystem.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsErez, A, Lopez, JG, Weiner, BG, Meir, Y, Wingreen, NS
JournalElife
Volume9
Date Published2020 09 11
ISSN2050-084X
Abstract

<p>Microbial communities feature an immense diversity of species and this diversity is linked to outcomes ranging from ecosystem stability to medical prognoses. Yet the mechanisms underlying microbial diversity are under debate. While simple resource-competition models don't allow for coexistence of a large number of species, it was recently shown that metabolic trade-offs can allow unlimited diversity. Does this diversity persist with more realistic, intermittent nutrient supply? Here, we demonstrate theoretically that in serial dilution culture, metabolic trade-offs allow for high diversity. When a small amount of nutrient is supplied to each batch, the serial dilution dynamics mimic a chemostat-like steady state. If more nutrient is supplied, community diversity shifts due to an 'early-bird' effect. The interplay of this effect with different environmental factors and diversity-supporting mechanisms leads to a variety of relationships between nutrient supply and diversity, suggesting that real ecosystems may not obey a universal nutrient-diversity relationship.</p>

DOI10.7554/eLife.57790
Alternate JournalElife
PubMed ID32915132
PubMed Central IDPMC7486120
Grant ListGM082938 / NH / NIH HHS / United States
DGE-1656466 / / National Science Foundation / International
PHY-1734030 / / National Science Foundation / International
PHY-1748958 / / National Science Foundation / International
R25 GM067110 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
2919.01 / / Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation / International