Larval sites of the mosquito in forest and domestic habitats in Africa and the potential association with oviposition evolution.

TitleLarval sites of the mosquito in forest and domestic habitats in Africa and the potential association with oviposition evolution.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsXia, S, Dweck, HKM, Lutomiah, J, Sang, R, McBride, CS, Rose, NH, Ayala, D, Powell, JR
JournalEcol Evol
Date Published2021/11/09

Adaptations to anthropogenic domestic habitats contribute to the success of the mosquito as a major global vector of several arboviral diseases. The species inhabited African forests before expanding into domestic habitats and spreading to other continents. Despite a well-studied evolutionary history, how this species initially moved into human settlements in Africa remains unclear. During this initial habitat transition, African switched their larval sites from natural water containers like tree holes to artificial containers like clay pots. Little is known about how these natural versus artificial containers differ in their characteristics. Filling this knowledge gap could provide valuable information for studying the evolution of associated with larval habitat changes. As an initial effort, in this study, we characterized the microenvironments of larval sites in forest and domestic habitats in two African localities: La Lopé, Gabon, and Rabai, Kenya. Specifically, we measured the physical characteristics, microbial density, bacterial composition, and volatile chemical profiles of multiple larval sites. In both localities, comparisons between natural containers in the forests and artificial containers in the villages revealed significantly different microenvironments. We next examined whether the between-habitat differences in larval site microenvironments lead to differences in oviposition, a key behavior affecting larval distribution. Forest readily accepted the artificial containers we placed in the forests. Laboratory choice experiments also did not find distinct oviposition preferences between forest and village colonies. These results suggested that African are likely generalists in their larval site choices. This flexibility to accept various containers with a wide range of physical, microbial, and chemical conditions might allow to use human-stored water as fallback larval sites during dry seasons, which is hypothesized to have initiated the domestic evolution of .

Alternate JournalEcol Evol
PubMed ID34824830
PubMed Central IDPMC8601902