Genome-Wide Detection and Analysis of Multifunctional Genes.

TitleGenome-Wide Detection and Analysis of Multifunctional Genes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPritykin, Y, Ghersi, D, Singh, M
JournalPLoS Comput Biol
Date Published2015 Oct
KeywordsAnimals, Chromosome Mapping, Data Mining, Drosophila melanogaster, Drosophila Proteins, Genome, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Multigene Family, Natural Language Processing, Proteome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Species Specificity

<p>Many genes can play a role in multiple biological processes or molecular functions. Identifying multifunctional genes at the genome-wide level and studying their properties can shed light upon the complexity of molecular events that underpin cellular functioning, thereby leading to a better understanding of the functional landscape of the cell. However, to date, genome-wide analysis of multifunctional genes (and the proteins they encode) has been limited. Here we introduce a computational approach that uses known functional annotations to extract genes playing a role in at least two distinct biological processes. We leverage functional genomics data sets for three organisms--H. sapiens, D. melanogaster, and S. cerevisiae--and show that, as compared to other annotated genes, genes involved in multiple biological processes possess distinct physicochemical properties, are more broadly expressed, tend to be more central in protein interaction networks, tend to be more evolutionarily conserved, and are more likely to be essential. We also find that multifunctional genes are significantly more likely to be involved in human disorders. These same features also hold when multifunctionality is defined with respect to molecular functions instead of biological processes. Our analysis uncovers key features about multifunctional genes, and is a step towards a better genome-wide understanding of gene multifunctionality.</p>

Alternate JournalPLoS Comput Biol
PubMed ID26436655
PubMed Central IDPMC4593560
Grant ListR01 GM076275 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
NIH GM076275 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States