End-tidal carbon dioxide during pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

TitleEnd-tidal carbon dioxide during pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBerg, RA, Reeder, RW, Meert, KL, Yates, AR, Berger, JT, Newth, CJ, Carcillo, JA, McQuillen, PS, Harrison, RE, Moler, FW, Pollack, MM, Carpenter, TC, Notterman, DA, Holubkov, R, J Dean, M, Nadkarni, VM, Sutton, RM
Corporate Authors
JournalResuscitation
Date Published2018 Aug 15
ISSN1873-1570
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Based on laboratory cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) investigations and limited adult data, the American Heart Association Consensus Statement on CPR Quality recommends titrating CPR performance to achieve end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) >20 mmHg.

AIMS: We prospectively evaluated whether ETCO2 > 20 mmHg during CPR was associated with survival to hospital discharge.

METHODS: Children ≥37 weeks gestation in Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network intensive care units with chest compressions for ≥1 min and ETCO2 monitoring prior to and during CPR between July 1, 2013 and June 31, 2016 were included. ETCO2 and Utstein-style cardiac arrest data were collected. Multivariable Poisson regression models with robust error estimates were used to estimate relative risk of outcomes.

RESULTS: Blinded investigators analyzed ETCO2 waveforms from 43 children. During CPR, the median ETCO2 was 23 mmHg [quartiles, 16 and 28 mmHg], median ventilation rate was 29 breaths/min [quartiles, 24 and 35 breaths/min], and median duration of CPR was 5 min [quartiles, 2 and 16 min]. Return of spontaneous circulation occurred after 71% of CPR events and 37% of patients survived to hospital discharge. For children with mean ETCO2 during CPR > 20 mmHg, the adjusted relative risk for survival was 0.92 (0.41, 2.08), p = 0.84. The median mean ETCO2 among children who survived to hospital discharge was 20 mmHg [quartiles; 15, 28 mmHg] versus 23 mmHg [16, 28 mmHg] among non-survivors.

CONCLUSION: Mean ETCO2 > 20 mmHg during pediatric in-hospital CPR was not associated with survival to hospital discharge, and ETCO2 was not different in survivors versus non-survivors.

DOI10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.08.013
Alternate JournalResuscitation
PubMed ID30118812
Grant ListU10 HD063108 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U10 HD050012 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
UG1 HD049983 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
UG1 HD050096 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
UG1 HD063108 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U10 HD063114 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD049934 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
UG1 HD049981 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States