Dynamical Modeling of Optogenetic Circuits in Yeast for Metabolic Engineering Applications.

TitleDynamical Modeling of Optogenetic Circuits in Yeast for Metabolic Engineering Applications.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsLovelett, RJ, Zhao, EM, Lalwani, MA, Toettcher, JE, Kevrekidis, IG, Avalos, JL
JournalACS Synth Biol
Date Published2021 Feb 19
KeywordsAlgorithms, Biofuels, Fermentation, Gene Expression, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Kinetics, Light, Metabolic Engineering, Metabolic Networks and Pathways, Models, Theoretical, Optogenetics, Saccharomyces cerevisiae

<p>Dynamic control of engineered microbes using light via optogenetics has been demonstrated as an effective strategy for improving the yield of biofuels, chemicals, and other products. An advantage of using light to manipulate microbial metabolism is the relative simplicity of interfacing biological and computer systems, thereby enabling control of the microbe. Using this strategy for control and optimization of product yield requires an understanding of how the microbe responds in real-time to the light inputs. Toward this end, we present mechanistic models of a set of yeast optogenetic circuits. We show how these models can predict short- and long-time response to varying light inputs and how they are amenable to use with model predictive control (the industry standard among advanced control algorithms). These models reveal dynamics characterized by time-scale separation of different circuit components that affect the steady and transient levels of the protein under control of the circuit. Ultimately, this work will help enable real-time control and optimization tools for improving yield and consistency in the production of biofuels and chemicals using microbial fermentations.</p>

Alternate JournalACS Synth Biol
PubMed ID33492138
Grant ListDP2 EB024247 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States