A Dedicated Population for Reward Coding in the Hippocampus.

TitleA Dedicated Population for Reward Coding in the Hippocampus.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsGauthier, JL, Tank, DW
Date Published2018 Jul 11
KeywordsAnimals, CA1 Region, Hippocampal, Hippocampus, Mice, Motivation, Neurons, Optical Imaging, Reward, Spatial Navigation, Task Performance and Analysis, Virtual Reality

<p>The hippocampus plays a critical role in goal-directed navigation. Across different environments, however, hippocampal maps are randomized, making it unclear how goal locations could be encoded consistently. To address this question, we developed a virtual reality task with shifting reward contingencies to distinguish place versus reward encoding. In mice performing the task, large-scale recordings in CA1 and subiculum revealed a small, specialized cell population that was only active near reward yet whose activity could not be explained by sensory cues or stereotyped reward anticipation behavior. Across different virtual environments, most cells remapped randomly, but reward encoding consistently arose from a single pool of cells, suggesting that they formed a dedicated channel for reward. These observations represent a significant departure from the current understanding of CA1 as a relatively homogeneous ensemble without fixed coding properties and provide a new candidate for the cellular basis of goal memory in the hippocampus.</p>

Alternate JournalNeuron
PubMed ID30008297
PubMed Central IDPMC7023678
Grant ListF32 NS077840 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH083686 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R37 NS081242 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States