Conservation of cell-intrinsic immune responses in diverse nonhuman primate species.

TitleConservation of cell-intrinsic immune responses in diverse nonhuman primate species.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGaska, JM, Parsons, L, Balev, M, Cirincione, A, Wang, W, Schwartz, RE, Ploss, A
JournalLife Sci Alliance
Date Published2019 Oct
KeywordsAnimals, Cells, Cultured, Cercopithecidae, Conserved Sequence, Evolution, Molecular, Female, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Gene Regulatory Networks, Hominidae, Humans, Immunity, Cellular, Male, Mice, Molecular Sequence Annotation, Platyrrhini, Poly I-C, Sequence Analysis, RNA

<p>Differences in immune responses across species can contribute to the varying permissivity of species to the same viral pathogen. Understanding how our closest evolutionary relatives, nonhuman primates (NHPs), confront pathogens and how these responses have evolved over time could shed light on host range barriers, especially for zoonotic infections. Here, we analyzed cell-intrinsic immunity of primary cells from the broadest panel of NHP species interrogated to date, including humans, great apes, and Old and New World monkeys. Our analysis of their transcriptomes after poly(I:C) transfection revealed conservation in the functional consequences of their response. In mapping reads to either the human or the species-specific genomes, we observed that with the current state of NHP annotations, the percent of reads assigned to a genetic feature was largely similar regardless of the method. Together, these data provide a baseline for the cell-intrinsic responses elicited by a potent immune stimulus across multiple NHP donors, including endangered species, and serve as a resource for refining and furthering the existing annotations of NHP genomes.</p>

Alternate JournalLife Sci Alliance
PubMed ID31649152
PubMed Central IDPMC6814850
Grant ListR01 AI107301 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
R21 AI117213 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
T32 GM007388 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States