Rats and humans can optimally accumulate evidence for decision-making.

TitleRats and humans can optimally accumulate evidence for decision-making.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBrunton, BW, Botvinick, MM, Brody, CD
JournalScience
Volume340
Issue6128
Pagination95-8
Date Published2013 Apr 5
ISSN1095-9203
KeywordsAnimals, Behavior, Animal, Decision Making, Humans, Models, Psychological, Noise, Photic Stimulation, Rats, Task Performance and Analysis, Visual Perception
Abstract

<p>The gradual and noisy accumulation of evidence is a fundamental component of decision-making, with noise playing a key role as the source of variability and errors. However, the origins of this noise have never been determined. We developed decision-making tasks in which sensory evidence is delivered in randomly timed pulses, and analyzed the resulting data with models that use the richly detailed information of each trial's pulse timing to distinguish between different decision-making mechanisms. This analysis allowed measurement of the magnitude of noise in the accumulator's memory, separately from noise associated with incoming sensory evidence. In our tasks, the accumulator's memory was noiseless, for both rats and humans. In contrast, the addition of new sensory evidence was the primary source of variability. We suggest our task and modeling approach as a powerful method for revealing internal properties of decision-making processes.</p>

DOI10.1126/science.1233912
Alternate JournalScience
PubMed ID23559254
Grant List / / Howard Hughes Medical Institute / United States